Round table started its work at 10:00 on 03 October, 2014, in the Hall “Rast” of the “Four Seasons” Hotel. The Director of the Institute of Physics, National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Prof. Nazim Mamedov (Azerbaijan) was a moderator of the round table. The President of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, academician Akif Ali-zadeh (Azerbaijan) delivered his opening speech to attendees. He noted the importance of the forum in terms of discussion of current humanitarian challenges facing the world community that require immediate solutions for the future of humanity. The President of the National Academy of Sciences emphasized a greater role of scientific achievements in solution of humanitarian issues, noting that many of the scientific results can be used both to construction of modern weapons and for development of advanced technologies for the benefit of mankind. In this sense, he briefly reviewed topics on nuclear technologies that are going to be discussed in the round table.
The moderator of the round table, The Director of the Institute of Physics, National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Prof. Nazim Mamedov (Azerbaijan) announced on beginning of discussions on the topic «Convergence of radiation technologies and nano and bionanotechnologies» and invited 1992 Nobel Prize Laureate in Chemistry, prof. Rudolph Marcus from California Institute of Technology (USA) и the President of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, academician Akif Ali-zadeh (Azerbaijan) to be chairpersons of the first part of this session.
Prof. Katsuaki Sato from Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology (Japan) was a first speaker of the session. He presented brief information about recent accident in the Fukushima-1 Nuclear Power Plant and its consequences. He noted that after this disaster, the Government of Japan decided to concentrate efforts on the increase of the rate of energy power production from the renewable energy sources in order to minimize appearance of similar disasters in future. During discussions, he also noted that in his own opinion, in future, all countries should abandon nuclear power.
Dr. Ivan Videnovic from International Atomic Energy Agency (Austria), speaking about the cooperation with the Member States of the Organization in the field of nuclear energy, provided information on the trend of production of nuclear energy in countries at different periods. Dr. Videnovic told that already 30 countries use nuclear energy and more than 60 countries intend to develop similar technologies in future. Of them, at present, 10 countries are almost ready to start production of the energy from the nuclear power. Today, there are 437 operating nuclear reactors and they produce 11% of the total energy in the world.
After this presentation, the discussions within the topic «Convergence of radiation technologies and nano and bionanotechnologies» had been finished and after coffee-break, the President of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, academician Akif Ali-zadeh (Azerbaijan) invited 2009 Nobel Prize Laureate in Chemistry, Prof. Ada Yonath from Weizmann Institute of Science (Israel) and academician Ibragim Quliyev, Vice-President of the National Academy of Sciences (Azerbaijan) to be chairpersons of the next session entitled «Nuclear and renewable energy convergence to reduce transgression». Dr. Dinara Abbasova from Institute of Geological Sciences (Poland) and Institute of Radiation Problems (Azerbaijan) was a first speaker of this session. She raised the issue of the application of nuclear technology in the study of cultural heritage. Dr. Abbasova gave an overview on the use of novel equipment in determining the age of archaeological and cultural sites. She presented the results obtained during studies of the mummy of Ramses II and informed that since 2008, Azerbaijan has also started similar studies in this direction in the framework of IAEA, which resulted in a published catalog of gold and silver archaeological findings of Azerbaijan.
Head of State Agency for Regulation of Nuclear and Radiological Activity Dr. Vugar Huseynov (Azerbaijan) was a next speaker of this session. In his talk entitled «National Infrastructure for Radiation Safety and Nuclear Security in Azerbaijan Republic», he told about established efficient control on radiation safety and nuclear security in Azerbaijan. Dr. Huseynov presented list of local laws and international conventions, in the framework of which, the agency organizes its activity.
After lunch break, the President of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, academician Akif Ali-zadeh (Azerbaijan) informed participants on start of discussions on the last topic entitled «Nuclear technologies and thermonuclear power generation» and invited 2004 Nobel Prize Laureate in Physics, Prof. David Gross from Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics (USA) and Prof. Nazim Mamedov, the Director of the Institute of Physics, National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan (Azerbaijan) to be chairpersons of the this session. Prof. Gross invited 1992 Nobel Prize Laureate in Chemistry, prof. Rudolph Marcus from California Institute of Technology (USA) to present a talk entitled «Single Molecule Intermittent Fluorescence Studies of Quantum Dots and in Initial Steps in Dye Sensitized Solar cells, Examples of Electron Transfers and Diffusion». Prof. Markus told about the electron transfer effect and its influence on the development of number of directions in the scientific research. He presented concrete examples of development of dye sensitized solar cells, which are based on electron transfer and diffusion phenomena. During discussions, all participants highlighted efficiency of solar cells development of which will be based on supposed method.
After coffee-break, the President of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, academician Akif Ali-zadeh (Azerbaijan) invited 2004 Nobel Prize Laureate in Physics, Prof. Theodor Hӓnsch from Max-Planck-Institut für Quantenoptik (Germany) and Dr. Faig Tagi-zade – deputy minister of Emergency Situations (Azerbaijan) to be chairpersons of the session.
The director of National Centre for Nuclear Research, academician Adil Garibov (Azerbaijan) was a next speaker. He told about the advantages of the peaceful use of the nuclear energy in Azerbaijan Republic. Speaker noted that the national school on nuclear researches is formed and developing so long time. Recently, upon the decree of President of Azerbaijan Republic, the national centre for nuclear research was established and it will be in charge for future coordinated scientific researches in this field. There are future plans on training of young researchers in the field of nuclear technologies.
Prof. Jaewan Kim from Korea Institute for Advanced Study (South Korea) was a last speaker with his talk entitled «Thorium Nuclear Power». Prof. Kim noted advantages of use of Thorium as a source from other radioactive materials, due to that at its use there is no chain reaction, it is impossible to use it for military purposes and waste from its use is very low. Therefore, in order to develop this industry, it is necessary to establish a strong international collaboration between scientific research institutes.
Before the closing, the President of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, academician Akif Ali-zadeh (Azerbaijan) supposed to approve the declaration of the 4-th Humanitarian Forum and after its approval, he thanked all the participants of the round table for fruitful work and announced about closing of the work of round table.