Forum 2014

V. Challenges of Globalization: between Tradition and Transformation

V. Challenges of Globalization: between Tradition and Transformation
  • Orientalism and “postorientalism”: new perspectives in research
  • East-West dialogue: transformation of the spiritual and cultural life of the East in the context of globalization and new paradigms
  • New socio-cultural trends and the search for identity in the post-Soviet space

List of participants

Round tables



V. Challenges of Globalization: between Tradition and Transformation

The meeting of the fifth round table was held on October 3, 2014 in Central Scientific Library of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences. The round table was led by Isa Habibbayli, academician who is vice-president of ANAS. For the first time at the Round Table of the Humanitarian Forum was discussed the question named “Challenges of globalization: between tradition and transformation” as a new section. More than 150 visitors participated at the meeting of the Round Table and about 100 of these participants were foreigners. Besides Azerbaijan, scholars and social-political men from USA, Russian Federation, Egypt, Italy, Germany, Uzbekistan, Malta, Bulgaria, Serbia, Tatarstan, Hungary, Tadjikistan reported at the Round Table. 24 reports were attended according to the program and 17 of them were sounded by foreign scholars.

Isa Habibbayli, academician declared the Round Table open and made an opening statement. In his speech I.Habibbayli noted that, Baku International Humanitarian Forums were the ways to the successful dialogues of the independent Republic of Azerbaijan with all over the world. Then he added  that, this dialogue became wider from year to year, Azerbaijan took stronger position in the world union and well-known persons, Nobel prize winners, former presidents, scientists, social-political men, famous intellectuals exchanged their opinions, sought for ways of difficult and complicated questions that worried the mankind. Here is sounded that, as a result of the mutual dialogues, building the future of the mankind and nations was more efficient and very important question.

Touching to the problems discussed at Round Table V Isa Habibbayli particularly said that, this topic was new and fairly actual for Baku Forum. Characterizing both positive and difficult, responsible sides of the globalization, the academician took notice not only of developing positive features, but also the importance of preserving and strengthening old national traditions and moral values. From this standpoint, was noted that, any nation or state had not to prefer the transformations wandering from the tradition, also it was not advantageous for those to be against the changes of the time being absorbed in the tradition.

Talking about the latest great successes of the independent Republic of Azerbaijan, Isa Habibbayli expressed that, in this field Azerbaijan can be a model to the international union. The participants of the Round Table were given wide information about huge programs and important results which had been implemented under the leadership of Ilham Aliyev, President of the Republic of Azerbaijan.

The first Panel called “Orientalism and postorientalism: new problematics of scientific researches” were led by Isa Habibbabyli, academician, Peter Arthur Diamond, professor of Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Mahammad Sami Amir, chairman of Executive Council of UNESCO came from Egypt.

The first speech made by Peter Arthur Diamond, economist, Nobel prize winner. He expressed his attitude to the globalization challenges from the standpoint of economical security. In his speech he noted that, without achieving economical development it’s baseless to speak about the humanitarian development and added that, the mutual cooperation and dialogues are very important issues in solving problems on globalization.

In the first Panel were attended reports of nine scholars from Italy, Russia, Uzbekistan, Turkey and Malta.

Alessandro Politi, Italian scholar in his speech “Tendencies in the international policy and long-lasting scenarios” spoke about the present state of the international policy emphasizing that, international powers were worry about the undesirable situation in the Middle East and as a way of solution he considered the cooperation for peace. Irina Popova from Russia dealt with the state of the classical orientalism during the 21th century and determined perspectives of this field in Russia. When I.Popova emphasized the role of foreign scholars in forming the classical Russian oriental studies, Imamverdi Hamidov, professor from Azerbaijan caviled at her speech for not sounding the name of Mirza Kazim Bey, Azerbaijani scholar who was one of the patriarchies of the Russian oriental studies. I.Popova connected it with lack of time. Bakhtiyar Babajanov from Uzbekistan spoke about political factors in formation the Orientlism in his speech on subject “Academic and ideological connotations of the Soviet and Post-Soviet Orientalism”. Mehmet Kalpakli, Turkish scholar touched to the problems which were topical for the Republic of Turkey dealing with the importance of preserving the harmony of globalization with tradition in Turkey which played a role of bridge between Asia and Europe like Azerbaijan.

Shahin Mustafayev, correspondent member of ANAS spoke about the activities of people from Central Asia in this field and conducted some generalizations. Henry Frando, came from Malta which is an interesting country from the globalization and tradition standpoint, looked through this question from another side; he dealt with the peace and freedom challenges in Europe, South Africa and the Middle East, different ways of approaches to these notions in different regions and tried to show the ways of abolishment of contradictions and also the way of mutual understanding of people from different civilizations.

Benedetto Della Vedova, Italian scholar also made an interesting speech. He showed a different scientific approach to the globalization appreciating it as a process directing to pluralism, not to uniformity. Mehdi Kazimov, professor drew participants attention to the objects and problems existing in Nizami studies, today. After him Fernando Orlandi, Italian scientist showed his knowledges on language construction in Azerbaijan. Surely, the foreign researcher’s attitude to this question roused interest.

After the break of the second Panel on subject “East-West dialogue: transformations of the spiritual-cultural life of the East in the context of globalization and new paradigms” started to its work. This meeting were led by Isa Habibbayli, academician, Zakhari Zakhariev, head of Bulgarian Friendship Federation with Russia and CIS and Teymur Karimli, academician-secretary of Department of Humanitarian and Social Sciences.

Alessandro Vitale, Italian scholar gave an interesting and painful report on “Globalization, international breakup, joint living”. He connected the local conflicts that worry the world with the double standards applied by the world powers and noted this problem as an important problem need to solve. The following reports were also reflected the thoughts about the transformation the East to the West and the specific features of the integration processes. Serb Predrag Simich in his “International policy, globalization and crisis”, Teymur Karimli in “Specificity of East-West dialogue in the Middle Ages and modernity”, Aziz Tatibayev from Uzbekistan and his “Dichotomy of East-West discourses: old and new paradigms”, Hikmat Kochak from Turkey in “Between tradition and transformation in the globalization condition”, Albert Bukhanov from Tatarstan in “Amu Darya-Syr Darya and Volga-Ural regions in the Eurasian cultures and civilizations systems (zones of contact in old times and Middle Ages and about the problems of historical-cultural relations)”, Imamverdi Hamidov in his “About oriental studies and the roles of spiritual-moral values of the Oriental literature in the globalization condition (on the basis of Nizami Ganjavi’s works) reports dealt with different sides of this problem.

The third Panel of the fifth Round Table was devoted to “New socio-cultural inclinations and identity research in the Post-Soviet territories”. This meeting was led by serb Vuk Yeremich, former head of the United Nations General Assembly, Aleksey Kara-Murza, head of section of the Institute of Philosophy of Russian Academy of Sciences and Govhar Bakhshaliyeva, director of the Institute of Oriental Studies of ANAS.

The first report given by Ishtvan Zimoni, Hungarian scholar was very interesting from the standpoint of researching the Turks’ historical identity and its connection with the Hungarians.

Yeva-Maria Auch’s report named “The Caucasus in Europe, or Europe in the Caucasus? About complicated and multiple vectored mutual relations” drew participants’ attention for its original approach to the problem. Y.M.Auch is a scholar who had relations with Azerbaijan in her student years. Now, she is continuing her relations, too.

Govhar Bakhshaliyeva, correspondent member of ANAS spoke about the successful solution of the problem holding Azerbaijan up as an example. She said that, from this point of view Azerbaijan could become a model to other regions.

In her report “Dialogue of secular and religious cultures as working mechanisms in solving the challenges of the modern time” Lola Dodkhudayeva from Tadjikistan emphasized that, this problem was efficiently solved in her country.

Ertegin Salamzadeh, correspondent member of ANAS looked through over the identity researches of the Caucasian people from the context of their national state system symbols and heraldry. Nargiz Akhundova, correspondent member of ANAS noted the importance of changing the research directions of the oriental studies in the modern time making a tour of the history.

Then discussions on the reports started, speakers were asked questions. Hussein Baghchi from the Turkish Middle-East University of Technology, Yeva Maria Auch, Govhar Bakhshaliyeva, Aleksey Kara-Murza and other scholars participated in the discussions. One of the main problems which caused exchanges of views was freedom of women and Azerbaijani model of this problem showed as a pattern to the world. Aleksey Kara-Murza gave information about his Turkish origin and added that, Karamzin, Russian poet was also from the same descent. Such views expressed by him roused interest.

Isa Habibbayli, head of the Round Table closed the meeting. He appreciated the work of the Round Table and noted that, the problems were discussed comprehensively and proposed important motions. Here was shown that, the attitude to the globalization was not unequivocally. The future problems were defined and given ideas about their solutions. I.Habbibayli said that, the globalization was a process which was going on and this Round Table was a good introductory for the discussion of this new problem.

I.Habibbayli in general, appreciated Baku International Humanitarian Forum as a great success of Azerbaijan state, social-political and scientific communities of the country and figuratively called this event a key to the world union. He said that, double standards in the globalization period were inadmissible, the globalization had to be connecting process not dividing. Here was substantiated the importance of paying attention to the realities of the countries in the globalization process.

In the end, the declaration of IV Baku International Humanitarian Forum was unanimously adopted.

The participants of the fifth Round Table left the Forum with great impressions. Letters of thanks sent by them are proofs to this event. Scholars from India sent their endearing words to the electron mail of the Department of Humanitarian and Social Sciences of ANAS. They thank for organizing the Forum in a high level, appreciate the role of ANAS in this process and attach importance to the place of Azerbaijan in the world union, presence in the world policy.

Baku International Humanitarian Forum entered the history of the Republic of Azerbaijan as a social-political event on a world scale. The materials of this Forum will become the reliable sources from the scientific and political standpoint and positively influence to the development.

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