Roundtable in the frame of the Baku International Humanitarian Forum, on October 3, 2014 was dedicated to the topic “Molecular biology and biotechnology in the XXI Century: Theory, Practice and Prospects”. Discussions were held on the following working sections:
– Theoretical and applied aspects of molecular biology in the present day
– Ethical and methodological issues in introducing innovations in biotechnology
– Various aspects of the problem of the use of stem cells in modern medicine
The roundtable was attended by Nobel Prize Winner in Chemistry professor Kurt Wüthrich (USA), Nobel Prize Winner in Physiology and Medicine professor Thomas C. Südhof (USA), Nobel Prize Winner in Physiology and Medicine professor Erwin Neher (Germany), Nobel Prize Winner in Physiology and Medicine professor Rudolf Martin Zinkernagel (Switzerland), Nobel Prize Winner in Chemistry professor Arieh Warshel (USA), Nobel Prize Winner in Chemistry professor Carey Banks Mullis (USA), professor Nicholay Zefirov (Russia), Professor Karol Sikora (England), Professor Zakir Gamarli (Kyrgyzystan), Associate Professor Richard Burt (USA), Professor Enrico Proietti (Italy), Professor Eva-Maria Neher (Germany), Naila Taguieva-Pioger (France), Professor Gjumrakch Aliyev (USA), employees of Azerbaijan Medical University, National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, the Ministry of Health.
Overall, 68 persons took part at the roundtable including 14 participants from 8 foreign countries and 54 participants from the above-mentioned educational and scientific organizations in Azerbaijan.
The event was opened by the general moderator of the roundtable rector of Azerbaijan Medical University, academician Ahliman Amiraslanov. After the welcome speech academician A.Amiraslanov noted that this outstanding event is held in our country for the fourth time, becoming a significant event in the world. Noting participation of the six Nobel Prize winners in the roundtable devoted to the achievements in the molecular biology and biotechnology academician A.Amiraslanov had expressed confidence in the great contribution of the Baku Humanitarian Forum in the development of these fields of science in our country.
Working section ” Theoretical and applied aspects of molecular biology in the present day” was held under the moderation of Professor Carey Banks Mullis, Professor Arieh Warshel and Professor Erwin Neher. In this section, Professor Cary Banks Mullis had given a presentation on “The birth of biotechnology”, Professor Arieh Warshel – “Using computer simulations to understand the function of biological molecules and in fighting diseases”, Professor Erwin Neher -”Diseases related to ion channels: a huge opportunity to study ‘Human Biology’ in the 21st century”, Professor Thomas C. Südhof – “Neuroscience in the 21st Century: deconstructing the molecular logic of neural networks”
Working section of the round table entitled ” Ethical and methodological issues in introducing innovations in biotechnology” was held under the moderation of Professor Thomas C. Südhof, Professor Kurt Wüthrich and Professor Rudolf Martin Zinkernagel. In the working section Professor Kurt Wüthrich had given a presentation on ” Use of 20th century basic NMR research in 21st century Biology and Medical diagnosis “, Professor Rudolf Martin Zinkernagel – ” Why do we not have a vaccine against HIV or TB?”, Professor Enrico Proietti -” Cancer vaccines: a new era for cancer treatment and prevention”, Professor Karol Sikora – “Cancer: a success story for biotechnology”, Professor Afig Bardali – “Inflammasome-associated genetic disorders andtargeted treatment“, Professor Gjumrakch Aliyev – “Sleeping gene as a modern alternative theory of cardiovascular, neurological and oncologic diseases development ”, Professor Eva-Maria Neher – “New horizons in science education”, Professor Nikolay Zefirov – “Medicinal chemistry – science on a junction of biology and chemistry ” and Professor Peter Davis.
The third working section of the round table entitled “Various aspects of the problem of the use of stem cells in modern medicine” was held under the moderation of Professor Richard Burt, Professor Nuru Bayramov and Professor Peter Davis. In this section, Professor Richard Burt had reported about “Stem cells, the Dead help the Living“and professor Nuru Bayramov about ” Stem cells in clinical transplantology “
All reports were received with great attention and interest, each of them have extensive discussions.
At the end of the event Academician A.Amiraslanov had made a final speech. He thanked all the participants of the round table, the foreign guests and speakers, once again highlighted the importance of the lectures and presentations for the medical and biological sciences. In conclusion, the roundtable participants unanimously adopted a declaration of the Baku International Humanitarian Forum.