The round table discussion on “Converging Technologies and Predictions for the Future: the Main Challenges of the XXI century” was held within the framework of the Baku International Humanitarian Forum. Scientists from the USA, Italy, Russia, Kazakhstan, Mexico, Austria and other countries, including Nobel Prize winners participated in the discussions.
Moderator of the round table, the President of ANAS, Academician Akif Alizadeh opening the event outlined the range of issues to be discussed at the round table, such as the political, scientific, economic problems and assisting in their decision. “Despite that we live in the 21st century – he said – we still know very little about the life, culture and religion in various countries, other everyday problems, which create huge barriers in intercultural communication. Unfortunately, a lot of people in the world are willing to see around themselves more enemies than friends, and Baku International Humanitarian Forum just aims to get together and discuss these pressing problems.
It has become a tradition that the second day is devoted to the discussion of above mentioned issues at the round table. This year 6 round tables are organized at the forum to discuss the most important issues, including the convergence of technologies and predictions for the future.
Then the President of the Academy said that the convergence of technologies includes not only the natural and technical sciences, currently the process is also observed between the social sciences and humanities. In this aspect the convergence reflects the relationship of social, humanities and natural sciences. In recent years, improvement in form and function of humanitarian scientific thinking, mathematical modeling and informatization of its scientific basis has become global and universal nature. It is a question, of course, only about mutual enrichment and convergence of cognitive technologies. Currently, the relationship of nanotechnology, information technology and cognitive science is a substantially global field of investigation. It would seem that nanotechnology, information technology and cognitive science are far from each other. Their interaction with each other is limited. However, the requirements of modernity and the logic of science development show that such situation will be subject to major transformations in the near future. Cognitive science combines cognitive psychology, psychophysics, the study in the field of artificial intelligence, neurobiology, biophysics, linguistics, mathematical logic, neurology, philosophy and other sciences. That is why, a number of researchers call cognitive science the fourth scientific and technological revolution. Studying brain capability plays an important role in the development of the cognitive sciences. Currently, the principles of the brain function are studied within the framework of various synthetic scientific directions. This problem is also of great scientific interest for us. Because, the question here is not only on scientific progress, but also the prospect of improving human life. Undoubtedly, the convergence of technologies, such as cultural and creative factor may give rise to the formation of a new type of human.
It is known that information and communication technologies have a special place in a number of modern scientific achievements. This is primarily due to the influence of information and communication technologies on the social and cultural progress of mankind. In modern globalized and virtualized world, the intensive development of ICT puts mankind the necessity of transformation of vital principles, cultural values formed for millennia. One of the important innovations observed in the field of information technologies is the process of intellectualization. This process takes on such a scale that it can be characterized as a transformation of Homo sapiens in the info sapiens. Fast intellectualization of technologies, along with the opening of opportunities for social progress of mankind creates, at the same time, the large threats to the development of his natural intelligence.
It is well known that this year, humanity with a heavy heart has celebrated 30th anniversary of the Chernobyl nuclear accident. It is not a secret that over the past 30 years, more than 5 million people have got different doses of irradiation, an entire region in the heart of Europe, one of the most developed, in an instant has become unfit for human life.
In the same year, 5 years have passed from the date of another human tragedy – the accident in Fukushima, which is known to have occurred as a result of a strong tsunami and led to a radioactive catastrophe in the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant. With regard to our region, as well as the more remote parts of the European continent, unfavorable state of the Metsamor Nuclear Power Plant causes great concern today for us.
Today exactly 20 years since the adoption of treaty on general and complete prohibition of nuclear tests, already ratified by 164 states by the 50th session of the United Nations General Assembly. But, unfortunately, this treaty has not yet entered into force.
You are well aware that the economic problems of recent years do not allow providing the proper investment in the development of renewable energy sources. For this reason, investment of the private sector in research is reduced.
Summarizing his speech, Akif Alizadeh emphasized that the round table is unique in its way, which brought together Nobel Prize winners, famous scientists on politics and politology, journalists and public figures, representatives of Asia, Africa, the Near and Middle East, Europe and America. All of them need to discuss together the problems of security of nuclear technology and fusion energy, issues of expansion of the scope and sources of renewable energy, the convergence of the radiation, nano- and bionanotechnologies. President of ANAS concluded “We must be sure that a detailed and extended discussion of all issues, raised in the framework of our round table, as well as to a common denominator in the various contentious issues will serve the good of all mankind”.
George F. Smoot, the Nobel Prize in Physics for his discovery of the black body form and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation, an American astrophysicist and cosmologist in his report on “Science and Technology Advances Enabling Facing our challenges” told about the management of electric power in the modern world, the issues of distribution and proper use of electricity. Scientist has conducted a comparative analysis of the situation in this sphere in the leading markets.
Therese Anne Margolis, the editor-in-chief of “The News” Mexican newspaper made a speech about an increase in the number of terrorist acts in the world, that a large number of nuclear materials are concentrated in the hands of terrorists. She said that nuclear weapons pose a great threat to peace and stability. The progressive forces of the world must work together to prevent this threat from terrorist groups.
Ariel Cohen, American politologist, Director of The Center for Energy, Natural Resources and Geopolitics at the Institute for Analysis of Global Security, a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, International Institute for Strategic Studies in his report on “Technologies and Projections: the Main Social and Policy Challenges of the XXI Century” spoke about the programs prepared in different countries in order to gather information. He stressed that this information can be also about the product and individuals, which is associated with the infrastructure of social warfare. “The threat of cyber warfare is real, programs of the different danger can destroy our infrastructure. Therefore it is necessary to prevent these programs”, he noted.
Italian Senator Gianluca Castaldi in his speech on the theme of “Renewable Energies are the Future!” emphasized the importance of the appropriate use of energy sources.
Then, Reza Talebi-Daryani, the representative of the Cologne University of Applied Sciences (Germany) delivered a lecture on “Best practice Tempus Projects: 2001-2015: working with European Universities to enhance teaching and research qualifications of Azerbaijanian graduates in line with Bologna process”. He spoke about the work to bring the Azerbaijani education system in line with European standards in partnership with the Ministry of Education, noted that the last TEMRUS project in Azerbaijan covers the period 2012-2016. Reza Talebi-Daryani stressed out that the main objective is to strengthen the laboratories at universities for learning and he noted that the main aim of the Bologna process is to bring the education process in line with European standards of education.
The reports of Carmen Lasorella, the President of RaiNet S.p.A. (RAI Group Company, Italy), Rudolph Marcus, American chemist, founder-nick electron transfer theory in solutions, Nobel Prize Winner in Chemistry 1992, representing the California Institute of Technology, professor Yaroslav Shtrombakh, Advisor to the Director, National Research Centre “Kurchatov Institute”, Anis Bajraktarevic, chairman of the International Law & Global Political Studies (Austria), Kazbek Kazkenov, representative of the Centre for Analysis and Forecast of Social Initiatives Kazakhstan, Shahin Mammadov, scientist from the Baku State University were presented at the round table, debate was held and questions were responded.
Summing up, Academician Akif Alizadeh noted the fruitfulness of the round table and thanked the participants for their valuable thoughts and suggestions.