The round table dedicated to “Molecular Biology, Biophysics, Biotechnology and Issues of Personnel Training in Modern Medicine: Innovative and Ethical Problems” held on September 30, 2016 within the framework of the 5th International Humanitarian Forum in Baku exchanged views on the following topics:
The round table was initiated by the Baku branch of the First Moscow State Medical University named after I.M. Sechenov.
Participants of the round table included 5 Nobel Prize winners in chemistry, physiology and medicine, 25 scientists and leaders of the top foreign medical universities and centres, specialists in the various scientific fields, 90 leading scientists and clinicians of health facilities in Azerbaijan and 30 best second year students of the Baku branch of the First Moscow State Medical University (1st MSMU) named after I.M. Sechenov.
The round table moderator and Rector of the Baku branch of the 1st MSMU named after I.M. Sechenov Professor Aziz Aliyev delivered the event opening speech.
After greeting the guests, Prof A.Aliyev thanked the President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev on behalf of the round table participants for organization of such a large-scale event as the Baku Forum. Appreciation was extended also to the First Lady of Azerbaijan Mehriban khanum Aliyeva who had initiated the establishment of the Baku branch of the 1st MSMU after I.M. Sechenov.
Specifying the theme’s vitality, Prof A.Aliyev noted that participation of Nobel Prize winners as well as scientists and clinicians from different foreign medical universities and centres in the round table’s work will enable the comprehensive discussion of the issues in all three topics of the round table.
Then, the speech was delivered by Prof. Ivan Mikhailovich Chizh, Vice-rektor on Public Relations and Educational Work of the 1st MSMU named after I.M. Sechenov and Corresponding Member of RANS, who read out the greeting of Prof.Pyetr Vitalyevich Glybochko, Rector of the 1st MSMU named after I.M. Sechenov and Corresponding Member of RANS to the round table participants. He noted in his greeting that ‘the Forum agenda becomes more and more diversified, informative and topical each year; however the main thing stays unchanged – the Forum unites the countries and people striving to enhance the fruitful cooperation in the area of science, education, medicine, art and culture.
At the first session on “ The challenges of modern medical science and the problem of medical education”, a speech was delivered by a Nobel Prize winner in chemistry Prof. Arieh Warshel in which he told about using computer simulation and biophysical analysis in fighting diseases. Then, presentations were made by Prof. Mark Rosenblatt, Head of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences Department, University of Illinois, Chicago ; Dr. Sikora Karol Edward (London, Great Britain), Chief Medical Director and founder, Proton Partners International and Dean of Buckingham University and Mr Muzaffar Ahmad, Member of the Medical Council of India.
At the following work session on “Innovative and ethical problems of molecular biology, biophysics, biotechnology in the modern era”, speeches were delivered by a Nobel Prize winner in chemistry Prof. Avraam Hershko, the Ruth and Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion – Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa presented about proteins like a machines of our body, and a Nobel Prize winner in chemistry Professor of Weizmann Institute Ada Etil Yonath, director, Kimmelman Centre for Biomolecular Structure and Assembly spoke about rey issues in contemporary medicine, environmental aspects and the microbiome
The session continued with the report on the role of immunization by Honored Professor Rolf Martin Zinkernagel, a Nobel Prize winner in physiology and medicine. He explained why the effective acute infectious disease vaccines had been developed and successfully used in medicine but, at the same time, vaccines against chronic diseases, AIDS, pulmonary tuberculosis or oncological diseases had not been still developed. The next speech was delivered by Academician Ahliman Amiraslanov, the Chair of the Health Committee of the Milli Mejlis of the Azerbaijan Republic. He covered the issue of bioethics in molecular biology and biotechnology. It was noted that the National Committee on Bioethics, Science Ethics and Technology under UNESCO was established in Azerbaijan in 1999. The following reporter Dr. Banu Arun, Professor of Department of Breast Medical Oncology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center told about the researches carried out in the centre, which enabled to detect, at the genetic level, the diseases including cancer and related ethic problems: the research results and consequences for a person and his family members. It was noted that in the time of data sharing and globalisation, data confidentiality is one of the most important ethic aspects.
At the third session on “Problems in expanding international cooperation on topical issues of modern medicine”, Prof. Aaron Ciechanover, Nobel Prize Winner in Chemistry, professor, Technion Integrative Cancer Centre (Haifa, Israel) talked about the possibility to create “a bridge” between the basic discoveries, and ideas in Academia and privet sector and their commercial application. Professor Finkel Madelon Lubin, Professor of Healthcare Policy and Research, Director, Office of Global Health Education at Weill Cornell Medical College in New York City made a presentation on the university activities and the achievements in the area of medical treatment and early disease detection during the joint projects and clinical trials. As Professor Finkel said: “There are no state borders for microbes”. Francis Karen Virginia, Project Director, Global Academic Programs, the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center stated about the problems in strengthening of international cooperation on actual issues of modern medicine. During this session, speeches were also presented by Mr Arsen Kubatayev, the Executive Director of “Operations CIS PRA Health Sciences”, and Doctor of Medical Sciences, Honored professor of Azerbaijan on sciences, former Head of the National Research Institute on Cardiology under the Ministry of Health, Azerbaijan. They both noted the necessity for international cooperation in different areas of medicine, medical education and disease prevention.
Summarizing the results of the round table work, Professor Aziz Aliyev noted that extremely valuable and pressing issues of medicine had been discussed at the event and detailed information on world medicine achievements presented. Rector of the Baku branch of the 1st MSMU named after I.M. Sechenov thanked the distinguished scientists for exchange of experience during the round table and expressed confidence that the discussions conducted at the round table will prove productive.
In conclusion, round table participants unanimously adopted the declaration of the 5th International Humanitarian Forum in Baku.